One of the most common methods of tinnitus relief is the tinnitus retraining, a form of clinical tinnitus treatment that works on setting the patient's mindset so that his or her attention will not be focused on the disturbing sounds caused by tinnitus. This treatment method is based on the principle that human perception forms the actions of the human body.
The principle behind the tinnitus retraining method is to eliminate the patient's negative and adverse perceptions and thoughts about his or her condition by helping him or her identify the underlying problem that causes his or her tinnitus. This is done through the counseling sessions that teach the patient how to feel less affected by his condition.
Tinnitus retraining has three main objectives. One is to diminish the patient's worry and fear of something that is non-existent. Second is to make him/her understand that recovery is possible. Third is to teach him/her different ways to acquire hearing loss treatment in case tinnitus leads to loss of hearing.
The tinnitus retraining therapist achieves the above-mentioned objectives by asking the patient to undergo sound and counseling therapy which aims to divert his/her attention to other external sounds instead of focusing on the tinnitus sounds such as hissing, buzzing, or ringing sounds in the ears. Proponents of this tinnitus treatment method based this concept on the ability of the brain to learn, relearn, and ignore whatever the mind perceived as irrelevant.
Here's how therapists perform the tinnitus retraining:
1. The First Session
The initial session of TRT involves gathering the patient's historical facts and using these facts to trace any possible problem that has caused this condition. This session is also the time when the doctor determines how severe the hearing impairment of the patient is as well as how tolerant the patient can is to intrusive sounds. This is also the time when the doctor assesses the patient's medical records to ensure that the condition is not caused by any underlying health conditions like hypertension, anemia, or Mernier's disease due to the lodging of foreign objects in the ear canals of the patient. This session also includes the evaluation of tinnitus retraining as an appropriate treatment for the patient's condition.
2. Fitting of the Tinnitus Masker
This session involves the patient choosing his/her preferred tinnitus masker that will be producing the white noise – one of the main parts of this treatment method for tinnitus. Tinnitus maskers are available in two forms – the desktop device form and the earphone-like device form. It is also in this session that the patient chooses the white noise he/she will be using during the therapy as this is based on what the patient prefers.
3. Post Treatment Analysis of TRT
The TRT post treatment analysis is the session when the doctor evaluates how this method has helped the patient divert his or her attention from the intrusive sounds produced by the condition to other external sounds with or without the help of a tinnitus masker. One of the main objectives of the tinnitus retraining is to eliminate the stress the patient feels. This is due to the fact that stress is one of the major contributing factors of tinnitus. In this session, the doctor determines any negativity in the tinnitus condition so that it can be replaced with other methods of treatment for this condition.
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