Tinnitus is an annoying sound in the ear or head. You can hear a ringing, whistling, buzzing or clicking noise. Sometimes these are symptoms of diseases such as ear infection or Meniere's disease.
If your ear noise has the same rate as the heartbeat, you have tinnitus pulsatile. This sound may be low or can be a serious rumble or crackling at high frequencies. Is the least common type of tinnitus, only 3% of those affected by tinnitus experience such a type. In general, pulsatile tinnitus are causes related to blood vessels and blood circulation. It is well known that hypertension, tumors (glomus), heart problems and anomalies of the veins or arteries are the main causes of pulsatile tinnitus. Additionally, there may be other causes, such as:
– Arterial malformations
– Benign intracranial hypertension
– Carotid artery atherosclerotic disease
– Deformed arteries
– Intracranial vascular lesions
– Inflammation or chronic middle ear infection
– Vascular tumors in the middle ear
– Middle ear effusion
Pulsatile tinnitus are indicating some vascular disorders and require investigations to exclude aneurysms, vascular neoplasms, obstruction pressure. In addition audiogram, in some cases, are necessary for imaging diagnostic, such as vascular Doppler, CT or magnetic resonance brain. Treatment is directed for the purposes of healing underlying disease, to correct hearing loss. As this syndrome can hide many disorders, you should follow the scheme of investigation.
It's important to discover the main causes of rhythmic noise to be treated accordingly. For tracing, the doctor must perform a series of tests. This implies techiniques such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound scan, to detect the main causes.
How can be treated?
As mentioned, treatment depends on the cause. If, for example, the main artery is blocked, then surgery is needed. If the main cause is hypertension, then apply medication. In most cases, pulsatile tinnitus sufferers are in need of multidisciplinary treatment and management of varied symptoms. Standard methods of treatment include drug therapy, alterative treatments, biological feedback and relaxation therapies. To obtain a lower noise level of the ears, blood cholesterol levels have also decreased. Of course, a balanced diet and exercise to improve blood circulation is needed.
Tinnitus is the usual result of neural dysfunction auditory system. Tinnitus does not appear overnight, this condition is the result of repeated trauma, long periods of time, such as age-related hearing problems, beating constantly hearing with speakers or at work, long term treatment with drugs and trauma sound or injuries. Recent studies have reported that 50% of tinnitus sufferers were exposed to loud noise of explosion.
The impact of tinnitus on life can be devastating. When you hear a loud sound at all times in the head, you cannot relax, cannot sleep and you cannot concentrate if you're always plugged in and this causes the sufferer to isolate and avoid social contact. All this leads to feeling desperate that they have lost control over their lives.
Tinnitus can have many causes. History and physical examination should be directed to discover the disease. In general, the unilateral pulsatile tinnitus, and other symptoms associated with, have greater opportunity to be associated with asymptomatic disease.
Medicines that can cause tinnitus:
Analgesics: aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs
Antibiotics: aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, tetracycline, vancomycin
Chemotherapeutic agents: bleomycin, cisplatin, mechlorethamine, methotrexate, vincristine
Loop Diuretics: bumetanide, ethacrynic acid, furosemide
Other: chloroquine, heavy metals (mercury, lead), heterocyclic antidepressants, quinine
Addressing the causes of tinnitus, it may disappear. Sometimes it goes away without treatment and if treatment does not make tinnitus go away, you can do other things not to bother these sounds. You can mask the tinnitus noise listening to music, but at low volume. If you have trouble hearing, a hearing aid can help. If your tinnitus is getting worse, you must to reduce stress levels. Enough sleep, reduce the quantities of alcohol and caffeine and stop smoking. Avoid listening to music at high volume. Use of silicone ear plugs and helmets.
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