Psoriasis is a common skin condition that causes skin irritation. It is a chronic skin syndrome that affects 1% to 3% of the world's population. Psoriasis is non-infectious and it is commonly seen in people between 15 and 40 years of age. Psoriasis transform the life cycle of skin cells. It triggers cells to build up swiftly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form thick, silvery-white patches (scales) and dry, itchy, red skin with flaky that are sometimes painful. Stopping the skin cells from growing so quickly can reduce this skin disease. Lifestyle activities, such as exposing your skin to small amounts of natural sunlight and using a non-prescription cortisone cream may also improve your psoriasis symptoms. This skin disorder is believed to be an autoimmune disease, which means the body's defence system affects healthy cells in the body. It makes skin cells mature and die in less than a week that is extremely fast, taking into account normal skill cells mature and replace dead ones commonly in a month's time. The increase of dead cells on the surface of the skin is called as plaque. Though these can appear anywhere on the body, they are more frequent in the following areas:
- Middle of the body
- Folds in the buttocks and groin
Signs & Symptoms: Psoriasis can occur slowly or suddenly. Many times, it goes away and then comes back. The main symptom of the condition is irritated, red, flaky patches of skin. The signs and symptoms of psoriasis can be different from person to person but may contain one or more of the following:
- Red patches of skin enclosed with silvery scales
- Itching, soreness or burning
- Thickened, ridged or pitted nails; dents in the nail, yellow-brown nails, and nail lifts off from the skin underneath
- Small scaling spots (usually seen in children)
- Stiff and swollen joints
- Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
- Skin with pink-red in color (like the color of salmon)
- Severe dandruff on the scalp
- Genital sores in males
Types of Psoriasis: PsoriasisPsorasis Normally, psoriasis occurs in rotations or cycles, burning for a few months or weeks, then settling down for some time or even going into a complete reduction of the condition. There are many types of psoriasis, differentiated by the type of patches and the affected part of the body. Plaque Psoriasis: It is the most common form of psoriasis and can be found anywhere in the body. Dead skin cells and small red bumps spread can easily flake from those areas. Scalp Psoriasis: About half of the people who suffer any type of psoriasis also have scalp psoriasis. This type has plaques on the scalp that usually can be mistaken as dandruff. Inverse Psoriasis: This kind of psoriasis has smooth inflamed scrapes in regions, where the skin flexes or folds, such as the groin, armpits, or under the breast. Erythrodermic Psoriasis: It is a skin condition that can be very serious. This type of psoriasis creates severe problems to the body's chemical balance, distressing the majority of the body, and causes symptoms such as severe pain, scaling, and itching to the point where the skin appears as though it has been burnt. Nail Psoriasis: It affects the toenails and fingernails with pitting, flaking, discoloration, or possible separation from the nail bed. Guttate Psoriasis: This comes with small, red dots that enlarge speedily and often form scales in the legs, arms, scalp, and torso. They can be cleaned up without any medication, but may come out later as plaque psoriasis. Pustular Psoriasis: This type can be occupied to a small area or widespread and characterized by puss-filled blister-like lesions. It can be a warning to plaque psoriasis or grow further in those who already have it. Palmar-plantar Pustulosis: A kind of pustular psoriasis, this type form pustules at the base of the thumb or sides of the heel that turn brown and peel. Be Aware Of Its Causes: One cannot catch psoriasis or spread it to others, as it is non-infectious. It seems that psoriasis pass down through families. Medical practitioners think it may be an autoimmune condition, which occurs when the immune system attacks the healthy body tissue and destroys it, by mistake. Though the cause of psoriasis is not exactly known, it is thought to be related to an immune system problem with cells in the body. The following conditions may trigger an attack of psoriasis and make it difficult to heal:
- Too much sunlight (sunburn)
- Too little sunlight
- Dry air or dry skin, insect bites, and injury to the skin
- Some medicines, including beta-blockers, anti-malarial drugs, and lithium
- Bacteria or viral infections, including upper respiratory infections and strep throat
- Too much alcohol
- Stress People who have a weak immune system may get psoriasis badly. This may be due to:
- Cancer chemotherapy
- Autoimmune disorders (like Rheumatoid arthritis)
Some people with psoriasis may also hold psoriatic arthritis. Home Remedies to Treat Psoriasis: Though there is no specific cure for this, many simple treatments are there to lessen the symptoms.
A few rules for bathing with psoriasis:
- Use lukewarm water to take a bath. Avoid hot water that can irritate skin.
- Don't wipe off using a towel. Instead, pat yourself dry, and then apply moisturizer. For double benefits, moisturise immediately after your bath.
- Add oil or bathing salts to bathwater, as it makes the skin more-friendly. Soaking in oilated oats may also help you. Pure water dries skin.
- Do not scrub too hard, for this can irritate the skin and trigger an attack.
Conclusion: The exterior signs of the skin condition can affect a person's personal image and self-esteem, which can create problems such as alienation and anxiety in their everyday lives. It goes beyond a cosmetic problem when psoriasis affects the skin. People who suffer psoriasis may feel discomfort, restricted motion in their joints, including itching and pain, and emotional distress. Maintaining the skin clean, moist, and avoiding specific psoriasis triggers may help diminish the number of flare-ups. Seek medical help when it gets worse. Sanjithi is a medicine practitioner, and expert in health and skin related problems. She had been working closely with ayurvedic and Sidha medicines for natural healing too. To know more on wide variety of ayurvedic and Sidha medicines check here NatturaBio