Dust at home contains bugs that are microscopic. They feed on human or animal skin flakes. On average, people shed 1.5 grams of skin flakes every day which are enough to feed a million dust mites. These skin flakes can go deep into beddings, mattresses, carpets, pillows, upholstered furniture, curtains and the like, and dust mites work their way into them. The dust mites can adapt well to the environment at home. They grow and develop in warm places with temperature ranging from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius and humidity ranging from 70 to 80 percent.
House dust mites are way safer than the other kinds of mites like scabies mites and skin follicle mites which are parasitic and really get into your skin. However, they can still cause allergies
Symptoms of dust mite allergy include nasal congestion, cough, itchy and watery eyes, and sneezing. It can also trigger allergic asthma because house dust mites' body parts and wastes are considered allergens to some people. People with allergic asthma may experience difficulty breathing, chest pain and chest tightness, and trouble in sleeping due to coughing when exposed to this allergen.
The best way to avoid dust mites allergy and allergic asthma is to control the growth of these mites.
Ways to Control House Dust Mites
1. Lower Humidity Rate
As mentioned, house dust mites grow in a place with 70-80 percent humidity. To prevent them to multiply further, maintain humidity at 50 percent or below. A dehumidifier or an air conditioner can be helpful in doing such.
2. Use Allergen Impermeable Covers
House dust mites live in mattresses, beddings, pillows, and furniture. These are things that people can get in contact with every day at home. To prevent these allergy-causing dust mites from giving you trouble, cover the things where they can stay with allergen impermeable covers.
3. Keep Them Clean
Freezing and heating the beddings and other things where the dust mites stay is another way to prevent them from spreading. Wash them in hot water (50-60°C) once a week or freeze them overnight to kill the dust mites.
4. Replace Non-Washable Materials with Washable Ones
Non-washable materials can be difficult to clean, and that will make more room for the dust mites to grow and develop. It might be a great idea to replace these materials with washable ones to really prevent the mites from causing allergy.
5. Remove Carpets, Curtains and Upholstered Furniture
Carpets, curtains, and upholstered furniture can bring life into your home but they also give more life to dust mites. To lessen the house dust mites, replace the carpets on your walls or floors with tiles or wood. Avoid using upholstered furniture and fabric curtains, too.
6. Remove Dust with Damp Wipe
To stop spreading more dust mite allergens, use a damp wipe or mop. A dry wipe will just help in spreading the allergens.
7. Filter Vacuum Exhaust
A vacuum cleaner with microfilter bag or HEPA bag is much better in preventing allergens from passing through the exhaust.
8. Wear Mask
Inhaling the allergens can trigger allergic asthma, so wear a mask to avoid them. Also, stay out of the vacuumed area after vacuuming. Let the allergens settle first before going back in.
Symptoms of dust mite allergy include nasal congestion , cough, itchy and watery eyes, and sneezing. It can also trigger allergic asthma because house dust mites’ body parts and wastes are considered allergens to some people.