To understand allergology, we must first get a sense of what allergies really are. Allergic diseases are caused by abnormal reactions of a person's immune system to things that usually cause no ill effects on other people's bodies. Allergic diseases commonly include hay fever, skin rashes, reactions to certain types of food (peanut allergies are the most common), and asthma, to name a few. There can be a variety of different causes for allergies. Many allergy causing particles are air borne and can cause problems if they come in contact with the eyes, nose or skin of the vulnerable party. Exposure to these allergens leads to development of symptoms like sneezing, coughing, rashes, wheezing, etc.
There are also other causes of allergies, like allergies as a result of insect stings, or from certain types of foods and even allergy to certain types of medication! Certain substances like latex are also potential allergens for some people when they come into contact with their skin. Food allergies most commonly include allergy to milk and its products (lactose intolerance) , eggs, fish, and other food allergies which are typically rare.
There is also a different type of allergy, which is caused by what are called “host factors”, that include genetic disease, with heredity being the most prominent cause. Allergies have a strong tendency to be passed down the family line : allergic parents pass down the same allergy to their children and this allergy is most often shared between siblings. It has even been argued that ethnicity plays a major role in allergies, and migration too plays a major role in transfer of allergies.
There are a number of ways in which allergy testing can be conducted, like skin prick testing, blood testing, and patch testing, all of which focus on identifying and eliminating the cause of allergy.
But obviously, being allergic to certain substances is something, which no one has control over, and the only sane way out is to seek diagnosis and treatment. Allergies are generally treated by completely avoiding the allergen and then seeking the help of antihistamines and / or steroids, with the correct guidance from a qualified doctor. An allergic person absolutely MUST carry his or her medication with themselves at all times, and also devise a system which lets people unfamiliar to them know that they are allergic to a certain substance. Even miniscule exposure to the allergen can be fatal for some people, and the saying “prevention is better than cure” holds true in this case more than it does in any other! By – Sukanya
MEDICOSA is a networked patient care ecosystem on cloud to enable medical fraternity for offering integrated healthcare services to their patients. For more information about Allergology in Noida please visit MEDICOSA.